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Cuvinte-cheie "drept procesual penal"

Probleme de drept penal din practica Parchetului de pe lângă Curtea de Apel Târgu Mureş şi a parchetelor aflate în circumscripţia acestuia în trimestrul I al anului 2017

Autor: ȘTEFAN Cristian-Valentin

Publicat în: Caiete de drept penal nr. 4/2017

Disponibil onlineaici.

Rezumat1. Dacă pentru două infracţiuni concurente se stabilesc două pedepse cu amenda, criteriul de identificare a pedepsei amenzii celei mai grele este cuantumul celor două pedepse, obţinut în urma înmulţirii numărului zilelor-amendă cu suma corespunzătoare unei zile-amendă. Pedeapsa cea mai grea este amenda al cărei cuantum este mai mare, nu amenda care presupune un număr de zile-amendă mai mare, nici amenda care presupune o sumă corespunzătoare unei zile-amendă mai mare.

2. Dacă persoana condamnată la pedeapsa amenzii nu execută această pedeapsă şi, legal citată, nu se prezintă la judecarea cererii [vezi tot]

Vizualizări 167

Abuz în serviciu comis de judecători

Autor: Cristinel Ghigheci

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.9/2019.

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: A judge can be convicted for committing the crime of abuse in service by rendering a judgment
in violation of the law, if it was accompanied by the offense of taking a bribe. In other situations, the
conviction of the judge for the crime of abuse in the service by pronouncing a judgment, should be the
result of a very careful analysis of the fulfillment of all the typical conditions of the crime and of the
application of the principle of ultima ratio.

Keywords: abuse in service, judge.…

[vezi tot]
Vizualizări 114

Pronunțarea unei hotărâri prealabile pentru dezlegarea unor chestiuni de drept – condiții de admisibilitate

Autor: Daniel Grădinaru

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.8/2019.

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: If a judicial panel makes a referral to the High Court of Cassation and Justice for a preliminary
ruling to settle legal issues, it shall observe the admissibility requirements provided by article 475 of
the Criminal procedure code.Thus, it shall be a judicial panel of the High Court of Cassation and Justice, the courts of appeals or tribunals, entrusted with the settlement of a case as a court of last resort; the legal issue that needs to be clarified must rise a real problem of interpretation and necessary for the settlement [vezi tot]

Vizualizări 116

Prezumția de nevinovăție, între interesul public și cel individual. Modificarea/completarea Legii nr. 135/2010 privind Codul de procedură penală din perspectiva Directivei (UE) 2016/343 privind consolidarea anumitor aspecte ale prezumției de nevinovăție și a dreptului de a fi prezent la proces în cadrul procedurilor penale

Autor: Cristian Winzer

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.4/2019.

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: This is the principle that the current criminal procedural regulation (Article 4 paragraph (1) of
C. pr. pen.) establishes regarding the presumption of innocence, as an application over time of the
principle nemo praesumitur malus nissi probetur („no one is presumed guilty unless it is proved
guilty”). Fundamental right of a person, basic constitutional principle and criminal proceeding that
circumscribes to the rule of law, the presumption of innocence is directly related to the principles of
finding the truth, the fairness of the criminal process and the guarantee of human dignity [vezi tot]

Vizualizări 102

Ce se întâmplă cu procurorii DNA și DIICOT care nu au în prezent vechimea de 10 ani?

Autor: Răzvan Doseanu

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.4/2019.

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: The prosecutors who do not fulfill the conditions imposed by the new legislation can not make
criminal prosecution acts in the case and can not represent the public ministry in the proceedings
before the courts.

Keywords: prosecutor, 10 years of profesional experience, DIICOT, DNA, Seniority as
prosecutor, Acts of criminal prosecution.…

[vezi tot]
Vizualizări 120

Aspecte particulare ale tacticii audierii martorilor la infracțiunile de corupție

Autor: Andriana Cotorobai

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.4/2019.

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: The hearing of the witnesses is one of the most important absolutely necessary stages, in
distinguishing in the criminal pursuit phase, and requires observance in all circumstances,
irrespective of the degree of difficulty of the case. The hearing of the witnesses concerning the
corruption cries represents the most important stage in the criminal pursuit phase, as the statements
of the witnesses that have information related to corruption crime can represent basic evidence in
finding the truth and settling the case. Corruption, in the historical perspective constitutes the
phenomenon based on the [vezi tot]

Vizualizări 116

Particularități ale infracțiunii de conducere a unui vehicul sub influența alcoolului sau a altor substanțe din perspectiva probațiunii judiciare

Autor: Mihai-Costin Toader

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.11/2018.

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: The present study aims to analyze the most used road traffic offense in the judicial practice,
namely the offense of driving a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or other substances, provided by
art. 336 of the Criminal Code, pointing one of its essential constituents, as has been ruled by an
interpretative decision of the Constitutional Court, by reference to the particularities of judicial
probation. Howewer, this analysis, which the author does not even claim to be exhaustive, provides
several probation elements, which systematically corroborate, can substantiate some solutions of the
[vezi tot]

Vizualizări 146

Pentru îndeplinirea condițiilor de legalitate a administrării probelor, este necesar ca autopsia medico-legală să fie efectuată de un expert medico-legal oficial?

Autor: Ioana Păcurariu

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.11/2018

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: The present paper analyzes the forensic autopsy and the forensic expertise and it outlines the
importance of the quality that the forensic doctor should have in the light of the new legislative
reforms, the official forensic expert both in the forensic autopsy and in the forensic expertise.
In the article there are two cases that highlight the need for the forensic physician to have the
quality of an official forensic expert.

Keywords: Forensic autopsy, forensic physician, forensic expertise, official forensic expert.…

[vezi tot]
Vizualizări 89

Unele considerații asupra utilității camerei preliminare în procesul penal

Autor: Cristinel GHIGHECI

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.10/2018

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: The latest draft amendment to the Code of Criminal Procedure proposed, inter alia, the repeal of Articles 342-348 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, which governs the institution of the preliminary
chamber. At the same time, articles 3701-3705 of the Code of Criminal Procedure proposed the
introduction of a new institution, in a separate chapter entitled „Preliminary Verification at First
Instance”, which regulates the procedure for verifying the regularity of the indictment and the
procedure verification of the lawfulness of evidence and the execution of acts by the criminal
investigation bodies.

Keywords: [vezi tot]

Vizualizări 108

Testul admisbilității examenului poligraf. Adevăr sau minciună?

Autor: Adrian Şandru

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr.9/2018

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: In the context of advanced technological evolution and public debate on respect for fundamental human rights in the criminal process, polygraph testing remains a means of proof frequently used in the criminal process, without, however, enjoying a doctrinal debate on the legal framework of this
instrument trial. Therefore, this paper presents a punctual analysis of the legal nature of this
evidence and of its admissibility and reliability in the criminal proceedings, mainly with regard to the
compatibility of polygraph testing with the principle of loyalty of evidence in the criminal
proceedings.

Keywords: [vezi tot]

Vizualizări 158