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The organised criminal phenomenon on the Internet

Autori: Zoltán András NAGY, Kitti MEZEI

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2016

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Abstract: The use of Internet offers wide range of available features for cybercriminals which are exploited by them such as anonymization, encryption and virtual currencies, creating constant challenges for law enforcement. Cybercrime is getting more sophisticated and increasing in scale and impact. Cybercrime has also become a big profit-driven illegal and service-based industry and created the Crime-as-a-Service business model. It lured even the traditional mafia-style criminal organizations into the cyberspace since they are able to expand and transfer their offline activities. The present paper analyses [vezi tot]

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Lawyers and Money laundering

Autor:  Flóra JÓZAN, László KŐHALMI

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2016

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Abstract: The European recommendations suggest that the lawyers are considered gatekeepers of money laundering, such persons who can contribute to the legalization of money acquired through illegal ways with their expertise in the area. The Hungarian legislation concerning money laundering that can potentially affect lawyers raise serious constitutional concerns on several points. It is increasingly common in the international legal practice, that a criminal proceeding is launched against a lawyer. These proceedings are often based on the assumption that the criminal defence lawyer has conducted [vezi tot]

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Guidelines Laid Down by the European Union Law for Regulation of the Fight against Counterfeiting by Means of National Criminal Law

Autori: Egidijus LOSIS, Sofia KHATSERNOVA

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2016

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Abstract: The immense amounts of counterfeiting are faced in the modern world, this causes direct damage for the holders of intellectual property rights, users and the European Union market, also it is the area for development of the organized crime. Uncertainty of criminalized infringements is a powerful incentive for it. The differences of national criminal mechanisms of the Member States of the European Union not only undermine the operation of the internal market of the European Union, they also make it difficult to combat counterfeiting and [vezi tot]

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In the Labyrinth of Pain There Is No Such Thing as Selected Victims: the Evolution of Trafficking in Human Beings’ Definition

Autori: Angelina STANOJOSKA, Elena TILOVSKA – KECHEGI, Mirjana RISTOVSKA

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2016

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Abstract: Defining phenomena has always been necessary for successful making of a general picture of what we encounter. If we have a definition it will be easier to encounter such phenomena, explain their internal structure, understand it and find out solutions for its suppression and prevention. Trafficking in human beings is only a small part of the phenomena for which international community still hasn’t formed a mutually acceptable definition. It must be admitted that forming a definition is a long process, process [vezi tot]

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New Trends in Adressing Corporate Crimes: Internal Investigations

Autor: Flaviu CIOPEC

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2019

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Abstract: The new provisions on the liability of legal entities have brought about a significant gain for criminal justice: companies could now be fined or subjected to penalties, often more severe than fines, i.e. dissolution, temporary suspension of activity or prohibition of participation in public tenders. Faced with sanctions that have the ability to alter the ultimate essence of a corporate milieu, alongside and outside the criminal justice process, internal control procedures have been put in place in order to take away a potentially criminal matter from the [vezi tot]

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Terrorism: between the need for funding and obtaining funding sources

Autor: Viorel PAȘCA, Daniela Simona ORZA

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2019

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Abstract: The beginning of the 21-st century is characterized by globalization, instability, uncertainty, but also by the recrudescence of terrorism, which has become one of the main threats to human society and democracy. An analysis of the evolution of international terrorism reveals that the actions taken are more and more dangerous due to the easier access of terrorist groups to financial resources, resources that enable them to acquire more and more sophisticated weaponry, technological and propaganda tools. The number and severity of acts of terrorism [vezi tot]

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On a new tool to combat tax evasion

Autor: Csaba SZILOVICS

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2019

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Abstract: These days, the Hungarian Government has established new tools in the fight against the tax fraud, and tax avoidance. These new appliances mostly use the digital world elements, like Online cash register, Electronic Public Road Trade Control System (EKÁER), digital billing system and HU-GO network system. Therefore, in the last few years the Hungarian central budgeting proceeds dynamically increased, and strongly reduced the moonlight economy. This essay introduces some aspects of this process.

Keywords: tax fraud; tax administration; digital government; VAT; central budgeting; transport; billing; HU-GO; EKÁER.…

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Prevention and Combatting of Trafficking in  Persons

Autor: Livia SUMĂNARU

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2014

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Abstract: Human trafficking is a modern version of slavery, representing one of the most worrying problems of our current society. Far from being only a national phenomenon, human trafficking has reached a transnational, international level and, in the context of globalization, it continues to develop new dimensions that transform it in a malfeasant phenomenon, impossible to control, prevent or combat efficiently. Every year, more and more persons become victims of human trafficking, being treated as pieces of merchandise that can be sold and bought. These victims are, [vezi tot]

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New Technologies ‐ New Challenges to Copyright Law

Autor: Zoltán András NAGY

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2014

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Abstract: The issue of copyright licence has endured a hit below the belt. Nowadays, the more and more uptodate technical means that can be used in the real sphere are suitable to create an inestimable infringement of copyright licence. The Internet also is available. Owing to its massive nature, socalled file sharing creates the greatest challenge. For companies producing and distributing different voice carriers, the main problem is lost income, while for the judiciary it lies, on the one hand, in the uncertain legal regulatory system, [vezi tot]

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Oficiul Naţional de Prevenire şi Combatere a Spălării Banilor: sesizare penală şi, ulterior, solicitare de informaţii în cadrul unui dosar penal

Autor: Liviu POPESCU

Publicat în: Revista Pro Lege nr. 1/2018

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Cuvinte-cheie: Oficiul Național de Prevenire și Combatere a Spălării Banilor; plângere; denunț; înștiințare scrisă; organe de constatare.…

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