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Interzicerea torturii, tratamentelor inumane ori degradante – art. 3 CEDO
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Aspecte teoretice şi practice privind morţile suspecte ale persoanelor deţinute în penitenciare

Autor: Pavel Palcu

Publicat în: Revista Pro Lege nr. 2/2017

Disponibil online: aici.

Cuvinte-cheie: morți suspecte; detenție în penitenciare; rele tratamente; tortură; investigare efectivă; indicii ex oficio.

Abstract: The criminal cases settled lately at the level of the Prosecutor’s Office attached to Arad Court or that of prosecutor’s office local units tackled, and generated different opinions, the issue of the competence to prosecute and the ”in rem” legal classification of suspicious deaths in penitentiaries. This issue became extremely important in the light of the recent ruling of the Constitutional Court of Romania, in the sense that eliminating the failure to observe the material competence [vezi tot]

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Committing the offense using acts of cruelty or degrading treatments

Autor: Simona Elena Tașcu

Publicat în: Analele Universității „Titu Maiorescu”, 2016

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: Acts of cruelty and degrading treatments are factors which incompatibility with democratic society values is consecrated in national and international acts, generating vast jurisprudence. The Romanian Criminal Code regulates these aspects within the aggravating circumstances of the individualisation of punishment, subsequent to the pointing out of an increased and concrete social danger of the offense and a higher dangerous character of the perpetrator. The European Convention on Human Rights, in addition to other international instruments, consecrates the ban of torture and inhuman and degrading treatments. 

Keywords: cruelty; degrading treatments; Criminal [vezi tot]

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Study on the compulsory bringing of persons in front of the judicial authorities in criminal matters

Autor: Radu – Florin GEAMĂNU
Publicat în: Challenges of the Knowledge Society, 2014
Disponibil onlineaici.
Abstract: The study will try to perform an in-depth analysis of the measure of compulsory bringing,
assessing both the national legislation and the legislation of some European countries, namely:
Austria, Bulgaria, Poland and the Netherlands. Due attention will be granted to the provisions of the current Criminal Procedure Code, which entered into force on the 1st of February 2014, as this piece of legislation brings some important changes regarding the compulsory bringing, some of them being the consequence of the convictions of [vezi tot]

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Interdicția instituită de art. 3 din Convenția pentru apărarea Drepturilor Omului și a Libertăților Fundamentale, raportat la pedepsele principale aplicabile persoanei fizice și la faza de investigație pentru pregătirea procesului penal

Autor: Alina TEACĂ

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr. 6/2018

Disponibil onlineaici.

Abstract: The main punishments, life imprisonment, imprisonment and criminal fine penalty, are
provided by art. 53 Criminal Code and are coercive and reeducational measures applicable to the
individual person who committed an act punishable by the criminal law in order to prevent the
commission of future crimes.
The concept of criminal sanction, automatically evokes the idea of punishment, punishment of
those responsible for an act of unlawfulness, but the punishment must be fair, correct, both in terms
of restoring the lawful order to ensure the re-education of the convict.
No one [vezi tot]

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The concept of social reintegration in Romania after 1989

Autor: Constantin Marc NEAGU
Publicat în: Challenges of the Knowledge Society, 2019
Disponibil online: aici.
Abstract: This paper attempts at pointing to the way in which social reintegration has evolved in Romania, starting with the communist era and ending with present time. First, we briefly outline the organisation of social reintegration under the communist regime and then we present how this concept has been approached in the last thirty years, under the new political circumstances, stemming from the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of Council of Europe to Member States. Our conclusions focus on the role of [vezi tot]

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To Punish or to Torture? About Inhuman Treatment in the recent view of the Strassbourg Court

Autor: Laura Maria STĂNILĂ

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2017

Revistă disponibilăaici.

Abstract: Facing a pilot decision of ECHR on prison conditions, decision following countless other previous decisions by which the Romanian state was convicted for violating art. 3 of European Convention of Human Right, Romania needs to change and adapt its penal post-crime policy in order to meet European standards in the field of detention and other deprivation of liberty measures. The Case of Dorneanu vs. Romania by which the Romanian state literally sentenced to a undignified death a terminal-ill inmate was the turning point for both [vezi tot]

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The observance of fundamental human rights. The death penalty and corporal punishments. The prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading punishments

Autor: Dorian CHIRIȚĂ
Publicat în: Challenges of the Knowledge Society 2018
Disponibil online
: aici.
Abstract: Corporal punishments by and large and death penalty specifically raise serious problems as to respecting human dignity and the fundamental human rights. The supreme courts of the UN member states quasi-unanimously consider that the death penalty infringes on the absolute ban of torturing, inhuman or degrading treatments due to the pain and psychological suffering they cause to the sentenced people who may wait for years in a row or even decades, more often than not in isolation
and in an uncertain legal situation. [vezi tot]

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Protecția victimelor minore ale infracțiunilor, din perspectiva art. 3 din Convenția europeană a drepturilor omului

Autor: Dana-Cristina BUNEA

Publicat în: Revista Pro Lege nr. 2/2020

Disponibil onlineaici

Protection of juvenile victims of crime, from the perspective of Art. 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights

Abstract: The European Court of Human Rights highlighted on each occasion the absolute nature of the right to life (Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights) and of the right not to be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (Article 3 of the Convention). Thus, no derogation is to be made from these rights under no circumstances. With a view to protecting these rights, the European Court [vezi tot]

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Examen al jurisprudenței Curții Europene a Drepturilor Omului referitoare la violența domestică

Autor: Răzvan-Horațiu RADU

Publicat în: Revista Pro Lege nr. 2/2020

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Examination of the European Court of Human Rights case law on domestic violence

Abstract: This study examines the practice of the European Court of Human Rights regarding the domestic violence. Notified by complaints arising from the domestic violence at national level, the Court examined them in terms of violations of several rights under the Convention for the Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms – the right to life, the right not to be tortured, the right to privacy, the right to non-discrimination. The Court’s practice is broad and shows the firmness and rigor [vezi tot]

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Efectul recursului compensatoriu asupra acordării despăgubirilor bănești solicitate pentru condiții de detenție din penitenciar, neconforme art. 3 din Convenția Europeană a Drepturilor Omului

Autor: Radu-Vlad Pojan

Publicat în: Curierul Judiciar nr. 4/2020

Revistă disponibilăaici.

Rezumat realizat de redacție: Articolul tratează problema compensațiilor pentru condițiile de detenție inadecvate din sistemul penitenciar românesc, cu accent pe relația dintre „recursul compensatoriu” și acordarea despăgubirilor bănești pe calea internă, de drept comun, a acțiunii în răspundere civilă delictuală. Obiectivele articolului constau în analiza remediilor compensatorii interne aplicabile în cazul condițiilor de detenție, a căror deficiențe au condus la încălcarea art. 3 din Convenție, precum și a relației dintre acestea, din perspectiva obținerii de despăgubiri bănești.

The effect of the compensatory appeal on the granting of monetary compensations requested [vezi tot]

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