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Legislative Actions of Estonia to Combat Organized Crime

Autor: Anneli SOO, Jaan SOOTAK

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: From 2002 belonging to a criminal organization or leading one is punishable in Estonia. While making relevant changes to Estonian Penal Code, Estonian legislator took into account requirements of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. The Estonian courts have been applying respective law for over ten years now and have encountered several difficulties. For instance, the notion of ‘criminal organization’ still is debatable as in practice it should be distinguished from ordinary groups that gather occasionally to commit crimes. In addition, the problems [vezi tot]

0 Vizualizări 69

Grupul infracțional organizat. Legea penală mai favorabilă. Oare există?

Autor: Felix Cornoiu

Publicat în: 2015, JURIDICE.ro

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0 Vizualizări 108

Organized Crime in the United States and its Modern Challenges

Autor: Magdalena ROIBU

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: The expansion of international crime, especially organized crime, is a perpetual scourge that affects most of the world states and concerns the international public opinion. Organized crime is the most serious form of criminality that mankind has ever been confronted with, mainly due to its transnational dimensions and seemingly flawless functioning. A debate on organized crime should address the existence of a worrying sociological phenomenon, besides, of course, the legal phenomenon. The present study aims at presenting the most important legal instruments that the U.S. have settled [vezi tot]

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Fight Against Organized Crime in Light of Witness Protection

Autor: Nyitrai ENDRE

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: The most efficient means of the fight against organized crime are witness protection provisions. Witnesses have key importance in eliminating criminal organizations as the court can use their declarations as an evidence. The testimony of the witness can base enforcing investigation, furthermore the criminal impeachment of the perpetrators. The aim of this study is to show the means of witness protection, which allows us to fight against criminal organizations effectively.

Keywords: organized crime; witness protection; gathering information; threat; influence. …

[vezi tot]
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Organized Crime in Action: Trafficking of Human Cells, Tissues and Embryos in Romania

Autor: Laura STĂNILĂ

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: In the context of impetuous debates on bioethical issues arising from biomedical and genetics research lines, the lack or inadequacy of national legislation to scientific reserch in the field of biogenetics facilitates the activity of organized crime. Organised crime detects new sources of income that can be obtained the easy way by harvesting surcharge of human cells, tissues or organs, by trafficking of human embryos, by selling such products to interested persons which can use them at their own will, for medical curative, research or industrial purposes. [vezi tot]

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Special Evidentiary Actions in the Function of Combating Organized Crime in Serbia

Autori: Aleksandar BOŠKOVIĆ, Zoran PAVLOVIĆ

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: The effectiveness of preventing and combating organized crime, as well as the efficiency of criminal procedure, depends on many objective and subjective factors, but it is certain that their performance is much influenced by the previous criminal proceedings. In previous criminal proceedings authorized criminal procedural subjects, the public prosecutor and the police above all, take the law provided actions aimed at detecting and proving criminal offenses. However, the traditional evidence collection are not effective when it comes to combating organized crime, so that is why [vezi tot]

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Organized Crime in Hungary

Autor: Ágnes N. TÓTH, László István GÁL, László KŐHALMI

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: The organized crime perpetration is much more serious threat to the society than an individual crime. More offenders on one hand means more concentration of power which from an objective view increases the chance of the successful crime perpetration and on the other hand the presence of accomplices and the knowledge of their possible intervention when needed increases the offender’s determination. There are different methods to define the scale of the quantity of the organized crime, even though due to the [vezi tot]

0 Vizualizări 143

Conditioning by a Covert Investigator

Autori: Noémi KATONA, Tamás BEZSENYI, Endre NYITRAI

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2016

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Abstract: Human intelligence measures, such as informants, undercover persons, or other private individuals cooperating with the police in disguise play an important role in combating organised crime. Nonetheless, due to their professional skills, and with regards to their legal authorizations and responsibilities, covert investigators provide more substantial guarantees to the legality and effectiveness of the procedure than informants of criminal backgrounds. This study aims to enhance the significance of covert investigators, but with a view on the weak points of the institution, specifically the [vezi tot]

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The organised criminal phenomenon on the Internet

Autori: Zoltán András NAGY, Kitti MEZEI

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2016

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Abstract: The use of Internet offers wide range of available features for cybercriminals which are exploited by them such as anonymization, encryption and virtual currencies, creating constant challenges for law enforcement. Cybercrime is getting more sophisticated and increasing in scale and impact. Cybercrime has also become a big profit-driven illegal and service-based industry and created the Crime-as-a-Service business model. It lured even the traditional mafia-style criminal organizations into the cyberspace since they are able to expand and transfer their offline activities. The present paper analyses [vezi tot]

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Brief Considerations on the Human Trafficking and Trafficking Minors Delimitation ‐ Forms of Organized Crime

Autor: Ruxandra RĂDUCANU

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2015

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Abstract: The forms of organized crime are numerous, and the attempts of states to provide the means necessary to eradicate this phenomenon requires international cooperation of States in developing uniform regulations. The main objective of transnational and local groups involved in such activities is to obtain financial benefits. Trafficking in persons can be a form of organized crime, and its regulation in the Romanian legislation by Law no. 278/2001 and subsequent special part of the 2009 Criminal Code took account of international recommendations and regulations. This article seeks [vezi tot]

0 Vizualizări 99