Autor: Osman N. JAŠAREVIĆ

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2018

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Abstract: Considering that the important topics on children and young people in the media are especially treated, it is of particular importance to consider violence against children and peer violence that is getting more and more important from day to day because of its rudeness and violent popularity. Media editors and investigative journalists, more or less, are aware of the value and weight of such information and their wide-ranging potential to be read, viewed or heard. Therefore daily information about children who are victims of violence arouses strong emotional responses and the need to protect them, while media and police information about juvenile delinquents of violence is condemned and the need to sanction them more appropriately, respecting the principle of „best interest of the child” in order to Re-socialization was more successful. It is widely known that media play a key role in sensitizing the public when it comes to family and peer violence, not neglecting the fact that some media research journalists still do not know or deliberately care about possible negative connotations and the consequences of such reporting. Everyday formed media images in printed and electronic media that are presented to the public, such as „poor child – victim of violence” and „uneducated, dangerous generation of youth”, „computer and telephone mobophobia of young people”, not only affect the behavior of adults towards children and an environmental reaction that often involves the isolation and/or stigmatization of a minor, but also of children’s self-determination, self-esteem, self-esteem, cognitive processes and the amount of stress they experience. Media information that violates the right to privacy, and which does not adhere to the existing positive legal norms and deontological rules of the profession can become the source of secondary victims victimization, which makes it difficult to recover or „demonize” the perpetrators, thereby reducing the chances of re-socializing the minor. Unfortunately, such harmful media practice as in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia and other countries of EX Yugoslavia, countries in transition, is often beneficial both indifference and lack of coordination of competent state bodies, institutions, agencies and not governmental organizations, which is one of the basic tasks. This paper deals with the situation of good and bad practices in informing violence against and among children and young people, as well as instructions, attitudes and guidelines for the protection of children who are victims of violence and juvenile perpetrators of criminal offenses in the media.

Keywords: violence; children; youth; media; information; deontological rules of the profession.