Autor: Dragan JOVAŠEVIĆ

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2019

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Abstract: Nowadays, crimes committed against the property belonging to other natural and legal persons (and even to entire states) seem to be predominant in the structure of criminality on both – national as well as international level. When committing these crimes, individuals, groups and organizations perform their criminal activities with the intention to obtain illegal material gain. However, that does not appear to be enough for them and, therefore, these offenders attempt to “legalize” money and other financial gain they obtained in an illegal manner i.e. to „insert” them into legal circulation (to “create” a legal ground for their obtaining). On the other hand, the perpetrators of these criminal offences also need to hide the real sources of money and material gain obtained in such way. That is the reason why not only individual states but also the entire international community realized how dangerous these criminal activities and groups and individuals who commit money laundering and hide money and financial gain obtained by criminal offences are. So, international law and national criminal law of Serbia prescribe criminal responsibility for money laundering as a criminal offence for which strict punishments can be imposed in order to prevent and suppress these socially hazardous activities.

Keywords: criminal offence; money; property; hiding the sources; legal ground; floatation (putting into circulation); guilt; punishment; international standards; Serbia.