Autor: Dávid TÓTH

Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 2/2019

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Abstract: The aim of the article is analyzing the criminological aspects of cryptocurrency crimes. The use of cryptocurrencies as a payment method is a relatively new social phenomenon, and criminals have found different ways to misuse them. In many countries – like in Hungary – cryptocurrencies are existing in a legal grey area and they are not valued as an official payment method or not even a cash-substitute payment instrument. As a result of this if somebody counterfeits a cryptocurrency that would not be valued as the crime of counterfeiting of cash-substitute payment instruments, and the offender would avoid criminal punishment. It is necessary to give legal answers to this phenomenon to prevent future criminal conducts. The current study after the overview of the cryptocurrency crimes researches the legal means in the European Union to combat this new form of cybercrime.

Keywords: cybercrime; cryptocurrency crimes; bitcoin.