Autor: Viorel PAȘCA, Daniela Simona ORZA
Publicat în: Journal Of Eastern European Criminal Law no. 1/2019
Revistă disponibilă: aici.
Abstract: The beginning of the 21-st century is characterized by globalization, instability, uncertainty, but also by the recrudescence of terrorism, which has become one of the main threats to human society and democracy. An analysis of the evolution of international terrorism reveals that the actions taken are more and more dangerous due to the easier access of terrorist groups to financial resources, resources that enable them to acquire more and more sophisticated weaponry, technological and propaganda tools. The number and severity of acts of terrorism varies depending on the financial infrastructure of the terrorist organization, which is why finding and attracting new sources of funding, new money-laundering methods and new ways of transferring funds has become an important objective. The ways in which terrorist groups collect and transfer funds needed to fund their operations reveal that modern technologies that are in line with new trends (cryptovalute and darknet) but traditional means (zakat and hawala) are also used. This paper examines the dependence of terrorists on financial funds, the methods of collecting and transferring these funds, and the efforts of the international community to counteract the phenomenon, for the fight against terrorism means, among other things, fighting in order to stop its funding.
Keywords: terrorism; financing; financial funds; financing sources; legal instruments.