Autor: Adrian Cristian MOISE

Publicat în: Revista Universul Juridic nr. 3/2017

Disponibil online: aici.

Abstract: The financing of terrorism is performed when any person by any means, directly or indirectly, with illicit purpose and intentionally, provide or collect funds with the intention of using them or knowing that they will be used, in whole or in part, in order to commit a terrorist act. When investigating terrorist financing, the funds are traced from their origin to the terrorist organisation, and then to terrorists or terrorist cells, which use the funds to commit terrorist attacks. Terrorist organisations can raise funds both from legal sources, such as for example, charities, non-profit organisations, business field, self-financing, donations, and criminal sources, such as for example, drug trafficking, credit cards frauds, extortion, kidnapping for ransom acts. The terrorism financing investigation is performed in the next stages: the informative-operative investigation stage that relates to specific activities of collecting information carried out exclusively by the state authorities with the responsibility for national security and the criminal investigation stage which is carried out by the law enforcement bodies.

Keywords: financing of terrorism; terrorism financing investigation; terrorist organisations; funds; terrorism.